Fyodor Dostoyevsky was a Russian novelist, short story writer, essayist, journalist and philosopher. Dostoyevsky's literary works explore human psychology in the troubled political, social, and spiritual atmosphere of 19th-century Russia, with many of his works marked by a preoccupation with Christianity.
His first novel, Poor Folk, was published when he was 25. The first two parts of Crime and Punishment were published in subsequent months in the periodical, The Russian Messenger. Dostoyevsky managed to complete 100 pages of his novel, The Idiot, in only 23 days. Other major works include The Gambler, The House of the Dead, Demons, and The Brothers Karamazov.
His output consists of eleven novels, three novellas, seventeen short novels and numerous other works. Many literary critics rate him as one of the greatest psychologists in world literature. His novella, Notes From Underground, is considered to be one of the first works of existentialist literature.